Monday, October 2, 2023

Here are 7 steps to writing a comprehensive literature review.

It’s easy to write a literature review. When you plan your writing, the process becomes manageable. You know what you will do next and how long each section takes. This makes the task less overwhelming, so you don’t feel like giving up halfway! Although many students find writing their first review intimidating, it can be broken down into several simple steps. The following sections provide an overview of what to expect when writing your review.

1. Define your research question

  • Define your research question: It’s important to define the problem before starting on a solution. For example, if you want to improve the quality of care for patients with diabetes, it is not enough to say that you want to improve the quality of care for diabetic people.

Instead, define what you mean by “improvement” and how it will be measured (e.g., reduced number of hospitalizations for diabetes).

  • Set goals: Don’t worry about other people’s goals; set yours! Be ambitious but realistic regarding available resources or time constraints; consult a literature review writing service if time is a problem.

2. Identify the literature that you will review:

Next, identify the literature that you will review. You can review your topic and identify key concepts, ideas, and theories. For example, if your research question is “How does a child’s race influence their academic achievement?” then it is important to be aware of what has already been written about this topic so that you can avoid repeating past findings or repeating findings from other fields of study (e.g., sociology).

3. Analyze the literature

In this step, you should:

  • Identify patterns and subtopics in your research. This is where you may start to see a pattern emerging, or maybe one of your results came out particularly interesting. You can then use these to write a focused research question or thesis statement that focuses on something specific within the larger scope of your project.
  • Organize the selected papers by looking for patterns and by developing subtopics. Once you’ve identified these things, it will be easier to organize them into sections based on those themes—and also easier for someone else (like your professor) to understand what you found important about each paper and why it relates specifically to their work area.

4. Identify relationships among studies.

To identify relationships among studies, you must be able to observe patterns in the literature. This is an easy task if you’re writing a qualitative research paper and looking for common themes or patterns. However, if your research is quantitative, it can be more difficult to identify relationships between studies because no specific data points connect them; instead, the focus will be on how two variables are related over time or space.

If done correctly and thoroughly enough, these analyses will provide a basis for developing further hypotheses about how these relationships function within different contexts and settings and provide insight into potential solutions for addressing systemic problems within society (e.g., poverty).

5. Look for patterns

Organize the selected papers by looking for patterns and by developing subtopics. This step is where you’ll develop your thesis statement and organize your notes. As part of your research, you should also take an inventory of what has been written about your topic in the past.

Using this information will help you decide what to include in your review, how long it will take you to complete it, and how much more research needs to be done before you begin writing the review.

6. Develop an organization for your review

The order in which you present the information is called an organization. There are three common organizational formats for a literature review: chronological and conceptual.

  • The chronological format focuses on time-based events, such as when the study was published or written. This can be effective if your research question deals with something that happened over time.
  • A conceptual organization is based on ideas rather than events and may include sections such as “Background,” “Literature Review,” and “Conclusions/Recommendations.”

7. Write your review using academic style.

Ensure that each section links to the next and that each paragraph logically follows from its predecessor (pointing out common themes and subtopics as you go). Use transitions between paragraphs to help bring the ideas together logically.


The first thing to do is identify what kind of literature review suits your needs (i.e., whether it should be an overview or critique). Once this has been decided, it’s time to plan your research questions in detail.

Once these tasks have been completed, the most important part comes: writing down everything about your topic in one coherent place so that you can easily come back to them later when necessary during the actual writing process itself!

Author Bio

Carmen Troy is a research-based content writer, who works for Cognizantt, a globally recognized professional SEO service and Research Prospect; an 论文和论文写作服务 Mr Carmen holds a PhD degree in mass communication. He loves to express his views on various issues, including education, technology, and more.