What is HPV?
HPV is one of the more frequent sexually transmitted illnesses (STI). HPV is a different type of virus from HIV or HSV (herpes). There were 43 million HPV cases in 2018, most of them among those who were in their teens or early 20s. Certain types may cause health issues, such as warts on the genital area and cancers. However, there are vaccines that can help prevent these issues from happening. It’s important to know about sexually transmitted infections to save ourselves in the future.
What is HPV’s spreading?
You can contract HPV when you have vaginal oral or anal sexual relations with someone with the virus. The most common way to spread it is in vaginal or anal sexual relationship. HPV is a risk even if an individual who is infected is not showing any symptoms or signs.
Any person who is sexually active may be infected with HPV even if you have had sexual relations with just one person. It is also possible to develop symptoms long after having been sexually involved with someone affected. It is difficult to determine the moment you became infected.
Does HPV cause health problems?
In the majority of instances, HPV goes away on itself and doesn’t cause any health issues. However, when HPV is not eliminated it could cause health issues such as warts on the genital area and cancer.
Genital warts are typically seen as small bumps or a cluster of bumps within the genital region. They could be large or small and flat or raised or in the shape of an onion. Healthcare professionals can typically identify warts by taking a look at the genital region.
Does HPV cause cancer?
HPV can trigger cervical cancer and other types of cancer, including cervical cancer, vulva penis, vagina, or anus. It is also a cause of cancer of areas behind the throat which includes the tongue’s base and the tonsils (called oropharyngeal tumor).
It can take several years, or even decades to manifest after someone is infected with HPV. The kinds of HPV which can cause genital warts, however, aren’t like the forms of HPV which can cause cancer.
The only way is to determine the people with HPV will be affected by cancer or have other health issues. People who have weak immune systems (including those suffering from HIV/AIDS) could be less capable of fighting off HPV. They are also more susceptible to developing health issues due to HPV.
What can I do to keep myself from HPV as well as the health issues it can bring about?
You can take a number of steps to decrease your chance of contracting HPV.
Get vaccination. HPV vaccinations are safe and efficient. It is able to protect against illnesses (including cancers) caused by HPV when administered in the recommended age ranges. (See “Who should get vaccinated?” below) CDC recommends HPV vaccination at the age of 11 or 12 years (or may begin as early as age 9) and for anyone who is the age of 26 in case they have not been vaccinated. For more information on the recommendations, please see: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/hpv/public/index.html
Check against cervical cancer. A routine screening for women between 21 and 65 can stop cervical cancer from developing.
If you’re actively sexually involved
Utilize condoms with latex in the correct method each time you experience sexual relations. This will reduce the chance of contracting HPV. However, HPV may infect areas that aren’t covered by condoms – therefore condoms might not completely shield you from being infected with HPV;
If you are in a monogamous relationship or exclusive sex with someone who has only sex with you.
Should you be vaccines?
HPV vaccine is suggested for the age of 11 or 12 (or could begin at age 9) and for anyone who is over age 26 in the event that they have not been vaccinated.
The vaccination is not recommended for anyone older than 26 years old. However, some individuals aged between 27 and 45 years old who have not yet been vaccine-free might decide to take HPV vaccination HPV vaccine after talking to their doctor regarding their potential risk of developing new HPV infections as well as the potential advantages of vaccination. HPV vaccination for this age range offers lesser benefits. Many sexually active adults have been exposed to HPV however, not all HPV kinds that are which are the ones targeted through vaccination.
Any time, the prospect of having the pleasure of a new partner can be an indicator of risk for contracting an HPV infection. If you are already in an ongoing, monogamous relationship aren’t likely to develop the new HPV infection.
What is the best way to determine if I’m suffering from HPV?
There isn’t a test that can determine an individual’s “HPV status.” Also there isn’t an approved HPV test to detect HPV in the throat or mouth.
It is possible to conduct HPV tests which are able to be used to check the possibility of cervical cancer. The tests are intended to be used for screening women 30 years or older. HPV test results aren’t suggested to test men, teens or women who are under 30 years of age.
The majority of people suffering from HPV don’t know they have the virus and do not experience any symptoms or health issues due to it. A few people discover they are suffering from HPV when they develop warts in the genital area. Women may discover that they are suffering from HPV when they receive the wrong Pap results (during the screening for cervical cancer). Other women might only be aware when they’ve experienced more serious health issues from HPV including cancers.
How widespread do you think it is? HPV as well as the health issues result from HPV?
HPV (the virus): CDC estimates that there were 43 million HPV cases in the year 2018. In the same year 13 million new cases. HPV is so widespread that virtually everyone who is sexually active is likely to contract HPV at some point in their lives If they don’t receive HPV vaccination. HPV vaccine.
Health issues related to HPV includes genital warts, as well as cervical cancer.
Genital warts: Prior to the time that HPV vaccines were developed approximately 340,000-360,000 males and females had genital warts brought on by HPV each year. Additionally, one out of 100 adult sexually active people within the U.S. has genital warts at any time.
Cervical cancer: Each year, almost 12,000 women in the U.S. will be diagnosed with cervical cancer. And nearly 4,000 will are killed by cervical cancer, despite the screening process and treatments.
There are various other conditions and cancers that are caused by HPV which are common among those living across the United States. Each year, about 19,400 women and 12,100 males suffer from the cancers caused by HPV.
These figures only consider the percentage of people seeking care for warts on the genital area. This may be an underestimation of the true amount of people who suffer from warts on the genital area.
I’m pregnant. Do I have HPV impact my pregnancy?
If you’re pregnant and suffer from HPV You may develop Genital warts, or even develop abnormal cervical changes. Cellular abnormalities are detected by regular scans for cervical cancer. It is recommended to undergo regular cervical cancer screenings regardless of whether you are expecting.
Are I able to get treated for HPV-related health problems or HPV due to HPV?
There are however treatments for the health issues HPV may cause:
Genital warts are addressed by your physician or by prescription medication. If untreated Genital warts can disappear, remain the same, or increase in size or size.
Cervical precancer is treatable. Women who undergo regular Pap tests and then follow up when needed, can spot issues before cancer begins to develop. Prevention is always better than cure. For more information visit www.cancer.orgexternal icon.
Other HPV-related cancers are better treated when they are identified and treated in the early stages. For more information visit www.cancer.orgexternal icon.