Tuesday, May 24, 2022

7 Risk Factors of Urinary Incontinence Among Australians

Over 5 million people in Australia suffer from urinary incontinence. The condition is common among aged individuals as their muscles start weakening. However, certain predispositions affect younger adults, which require them to use drop slips like Molicare.

An individual might develop incontinence for various reasons, and the symptoms might exhibit themselves differently. Here are the different types of urinary incontinence commonly seen among Australians. The most common are: 

·      Stress incontinence (SUI). Urine leaks occur when one exerts pressure on their bladder by lifting something heavy, sneezing, coughing, laughing, or exercising. 

·      Urge incontinence(UI). It is also known as an overactive bladder. Individuals may have an intense, sudden urge to urinate with an involuntary urine loss. They may need to urinate often, including the nights. Causes vary from minor infections to diabetes and neurological disorders. 

·      Functional incontinence. The individual might find it difficult to make it to the urinal in time due to a mental or physical impairment. For example, those who have arthritis might find it difficult to get to the toilet in time or unzip their pans.

·      Overflow incontinence. Individuals experience constant or frequent urine due to an unemptied bladder. Molicare drop slips help them keep their clothes dry and secure.

·      Mixed incontinence. Individuals experience multiple types of urinary incontinence — most often due to stress, urges or functional difficulties.

Risk Factors of Urinary Incontinence


Even though men experience urinary incontinence, the condition frequently affects women more. According to the Continence Foundation of Australia, only 10% of the population experiencing incontinence are men, and 80% are women. The female anatomy and the changes that women experience through their life. It does not mean that men don’t experience urinary incontinence. It just occurs more commonly among women.


Oestrogen keeps the urethra and the bladder tissue lining healthy. As a woman gets older and reaches menopause, the oestrogen levels decrease, increasing the risk of incontinence. With menopause, the tissues begin to atrophy, and the muscles that support the bladder begin to weaken. Stress incontinence is likely seen during menopause and post-pregnancy, but urge incontinence is common during menopause as well.

Pregnancy and Childbirth

Many women experience urinary incontinence during pregnancy as their expanding uterus weighs on their bladders. Hormonal changes during pregnancy is also a contributing factor for impaired bladder control.

In most cases, the condition disappears after giving birth. But some women experience incontinence after the event as pregnancy puts extra weight on their bodies. It squeezes the muscles of the bladder, causing them to stretch. In some cases, the effect of the stretched pelvic floor muscles does not appear until the later stages of their lives.


Ageing is one of the most common causes of urinary incontinence, as the muscles lose their strength over time. The muscles experience atrophy, and the pelvic floor muscles lose their ability to control the bladder. Therefore, bladder prolapse is more frequent among the elderly. The bladder also loses its elasticity and ability to stretch, leading to irritation and urge incontinence.  

Weight Gain

Many reasons, including biological predispositions, medical conditions, lifestyle and hormonal changes, can lead to weight gain. Excess weight can pressure the bladder, resulting in the individual developing urge incontinence and stress continence.


Studies show that tobacco use also increases the risk of incontinence.

Family History 

Those with a family history of incontinence risk developing the condition during their later stages.